Hepatitis A is a virus that can be prevented by vaccination and cause liver illness. It is transmitted through direct contact with an infected individual, such as during sex or by sharing food or drink tainted with small amounts of excrement.
Since 2016, hepatitis A outbreaks connected with person-to-person transmission have occurred in more than 30 states. These epidemics have mostly affected adults who are at risk of infection, such as those who use drugs or are homeless.
Hepatitis A can be transmitted from person to person by fecal-oral transmission (when infected stool enters another person's mouth) or by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Hepatitis A can also be transferred by close contact with people who are afflicted, including sexual interaction.
Some persons who have hepatitis A may also have other illnesses, which can exacerbate the symptoms and lead to death. Furthermore, persons with hepatitis A can relapse, which means they get sick again after recovering from the first episode.
Since 2016, widespread outbreaks of hepatitis A infections involving person-to-person transmission have revealed a shift in the disease's epidemiology, necessitating a new method to preventing transmission. According to CDC experts, these outbreaks have a greater hospitalization rate than has previously been reported in the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, as well as a higher prevalence of illness among adults compared to children.
Hepatitis A is a highly contagious disease that can affect persons of all ages. It can be passed from person to person by feces or by consuming hepatitis A-contaminated food or water. Symptoms of infection include fever, malaise (low energy), loss of appetite, diarrhoea, nausea, and stomach pain or discomfort. They may also have black urine and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes).
Hepatitis A vaccination is the most effective strategy to prevent infections and hepatitis A-related diseases. It is advised for all children under the age of one, as well as tourists to countries where hepatitis A is widespread, pregnant women, and family members or caregivers of adoptees from countries where hepatitis A is often transmitted.
Hepatitis A is an infectious disease that is transmitted through fecal-oral contact (when an infected person ingests food or water that has been contaminated with small amounts of stool). Contact with a filthy object that has come into contact with the feces of an infected person, such as a used needle or syringe, can also spread the virus.
Hepatitis A is a highly contagious, vaccine-preventable illness. It is primarily transmitted through food and water contaminated with small amounts of faeces from an infected individual. Sexual intercourse with an infected person can potentially infect people, especially if it involves anal-oral contact. Another risk factor is the usage of injection drugs.
There are numerous injectable hepatitis A vaccinations available in the United States that provide protection against this virus. There are two types of vaccines available, one with an inactivated virus and the other with a live attenuated virus. Hepatitis A symptoms include jaundice (yellow skin or eyes), fever, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and dark urine. Most people recover from the sickness in a matter of weeks. It is critical to seek medical attention if you are experiencing symptoms.